Common Achilles Tendon Injuries

The Achilles tendon is connected to several muscles, allowing for extension, flexion, and rotation around the ankle joint. A large portion of the Achilles tendon can be found in the calf muscles. Additionally, tendons from other muscles such as the hip and thigh can also attach to it. Because of the constant pressures on the legs, people who do activities like running, jumping and kicking are more susceptible to Achilles tendon injuries. Other risk factors include obesity, age (over 40), and previous Achilles tendon injury. Here are some common conditions that can affect the Achilles tendon. For treatment of any Achilles tendon injuries, consult a Westfield Achilles Tenon specialist.

Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendonitis can also be called heel pain, Achilles tendinopathy and insertional Achilles tendencyitis. This condition is caused by tendon inflammation. This inflammation causes localized swelling, irritation, pain, and other symptoms. Tendons connect muscle to bone and allow motion at a joint. Tendon fibers can be damaged by repetitive movement or overuse. Inflammation can occur if the body’s natural healing process fails to adequately repair microtears.

Repeated use can cause more damage. This results in thickening, scarring, and reduced flexibility. To treat Achilles tendonitis, your doctor may recommend elevation, rest, ice and compression. Your doctor may recommend anti-inflammatory medication or physical therapy to reduce the pain.

Achilles Tendon Rupture

Achilles tendon rupture refers to a condition that affects the Achilles tendon. It is located in the lower legs and connects the calf muscles with the bones of your foot. The symptoms include a sudden, sharp, or snapping sensation at your ankle or lower legs, swelling around the area, and possibly bruising. It is common to experience stiffness in the ankle joints and restricted movement of your ankle.

The Achilles tendon rupture is often caused by a sudden stretch of the muscle beyond its normal range. The rupture could be caused by a sudden contraction in the calf muscles after an explosive movement. The treatment involves rest, followed by immobilization of the leg with a boot or cast. Patients who are not fully recovered after six months usually have surgery.

Achilles Tendinosis

Achilles tendinosis refers to a condition where microtears form within the tendon fibers. This causes tendon swelling and pain when it is active. Achilles tendinosis, also known as Achilles tendinitis, is caused by excessive stress on the Achilles tendon. This can be usually due to overuse. The constant friction can cause tiny tears in the tendon fibers over time. To repair and strengthen the tendon, the body adds tissue to the affected area. However, this tissue is not as good as the regular tendon.

The Achilles tendon is essential for all lower body activities. The Achilles tendon can be injured when it is too used or overloaded, such as in sports or other high-impact activities. Achilles tendonitis and Achilles tendon rupture are some of the most common Achilles tendon injuries.

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